Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture.
The mostly mythological, religious stories and folk lore based theme of Pattachitra centres round the Jagannath and the Vaishnava cult. . Subjects are chiefly on Lord Jagannath and Radha-Krishna, temple activities, Dasavtar - the ten incarnations of Vishnu
Gond paintings are tribal paintings, drawn by aboriginal secluded people, far from the fast- paced civilizations. These paintings depict their quest for meaning and variety in life. For them the paintings are a portal into a surreal world, a world where there are no restrictions and imaginations run free. There are no mundane colors or void spaces, there are no blockages, the imagery is fluid and rhythmic. The Gond paintings are a manifestation of the basic human urge to fill spaces, to make the world more decorative, celebrative, meaningful and full of life!
Madhubani, literally means “Forest of Honey”, (‘Madhu’-honey, ‘Ban’-forest or woods), is an art form done in the “Mithila” region on Bihar & Nepal, thus also known as “Mithila Art”. These eye catching paintings are for every occasions and festivals. The first reference to these paintings dates back to the time of Ramayana, originated around Ram-Sita's, wedding.
Predominante themes are nature & mythological events. Strong characteristics are; Usage of vibrant natural colours; no empty space on the canvas, with minimal shading. Almost anything can be used as brushes from fingers, sticks & twigs to now even nib pens & matchsticks.
Palm leaf paintings which is Locally known as Tala Pattachitra, are drawn on palm leaf. While themes remains similar to Pattachitra, the base & natural colors is what makes the difference. Dried Palm leaves are sewn together to form a canvas. The images are traced by using black or white ink to fill grooves etched on the grooves created by share metal tool. These panels can also be easily folded like a fan and packed in a compact pile for better conservation. Often palm-leaf illustrations are more elaborated, obtaining by superimposing layers that are glued together for most of the surface, but in some areas can open like small windows to reveal a second image under the first layer.
Warli painting is a tribal art mostly done by Adivasi from North Sahyadri Range in India. The most important aspect of this art is that it depict social life , not mythological characters or images of deities. Warli is the vivid expression of daily and social events and used by them to embellish the walls of village houses. Believed to be invoking powers of the Gods, this art form uses very basic graphic vocabulary: a circle representing Sun & Moon, a triangle derived form Hills & Trees & a square indicating a sacred enclosure or a piece of land. Primarily themes scenes portraying hunting, fishing and farming, festivals and dances, trees and animals.
Saura Painting is the tribal art from Odisha. These are also called ikons (or ekons) hold religious significance for the Saura tribe. Originally created on the inner walls of the Saura houses, were meant to appease the presiding deity, 'Edital' and deceased ancestors, superstitious purposes like averting disease, preserve good harvest.
Saura paintings have a striking visual semblance to Warli art & both use clear geometric frames for their construction but they differ in both their style and treatment of subjects like Saura stick figures doesn't have sharp edges, no distinction between Man & Women, and drawn in Fish net Approch and has mythological themes and so on..